Georgia is situated at the juncture of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, bounded to the west by the Black Sea and by mountains to the north and south. With its favorable geographic location Georgia has always been a connecting link between Europe and Asia, traversed by many routes, – including the famous Silk Road. The traditions of the East and West meet in in this country to form a culture unlike any other in the world. Georgia is a land of endless wonders, mainly untouched and still retaining its authentic character. Exploring Georgia is a constant pleasure for trekkers, sport-lovers, botanists or archaeologists alike. In this mystical land you have the opportunity to visit summer and winter resorts simultaneously and fully enjoy your weekends and holidays.
H I S T O R Y
Georgian identity is strongly intertwined with Orthodox Christianity and ancient history. Despite the huge influence of Christianity in Georgia they are tolerant and respectful toward the representatives of other religions.
In the 4th century Christianity was firmly established in Georgia and Georgians always protected the Orthodox doctrine from conquerors: Persians and Arabs, Seljuk Turks, Mongols, Ottomans who tried forcefully spread their religion in the country. Many people took martyr deaths for their belief in Jesus Christ.
Early in the beginning of 19th century Georgian Kingdoms were annexed by Russian Empire. In March 1917 after the Revolution the independence of Georgian state and Church were regained. Georgia is the place for a lot of Christian relics. Hundreds of tourists pilgrimage to visit the holy places there.
C U L T U R E
The culture of Georgia has evolved over the country’s long history, providing it with a unique national culture and a strong literary tradition based on the Georgian language and alphabet. This has provided a strong sense of national identity that has helped to preserve Georgian distinctiveness despite repeated periods of foreign occupation.
Settlements tend to be dominated by a church built on a hill or in the center. Many churches were destroyed or turned into storehouses during the storehouses.
Urban architecture bears strong traces of Soviet influence. The older quarters in some cities are elegant and demonstrate an attractive mixture of European and Asian architecture.